Chest Masculinization

Hormone therapy usually adds hair and muscle mass, increasing the masculine appearance of the chest. The operation to masculinize the chest is called Subcutaneous Mastectomy because most of the breast tissue is removed from beneath the skin. The nipple/areola complex is left intact, although usually smaller.

In the case of larger and more fallen breasts, removal of the skin and elevation of the areola-nipple complex is required, resulting in longer incisions and therefore more evident scars.


In addition to this procedure, patients may consider the placement of pectoral implants to give a more defined masculine appearance.



Average time: 3 hours

Type of anesthesia:  Epidural + sedation